Celestial Lineup Makes For A Very Bright Mars

You'll be able to see Mars with the naked eye, but spectators can use binoculars or telescopes to get a more detailed view. It's now summertime in Saturn's northern hemisphere and springtime in Mars' southern hemisphere. Images of the red planet and Saturn of 2018 made at nearly maximum zoom from space to our planet, reports the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to the Correspondent.

The planets were photographed near opposition, when the Sun, Earth and an outer planet are lined up, with Earth sitting in between the Sun and the outer planet.

Some oppositions brings us closer to Mars than others. The geothermal heat flux of Mars (which results from the decay of naturally occurring radioactive elements in its crust) is also thought to have been as much as two to three times higher at that time - which would have reduced the necessary thickness of polar ice for basal melting. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope was used to observe the planet on 6 June 2018, when Saturn was approximately 1.4 billion kilometres from Earth. Mars was captured on July 18, at just 36.9 million miles from Earth, near its July 27 opposition.

In 2003, Space.com reports, Mars was was 34.6 million miles from Earth, compared to the average distance of about 140 million miles.

The last time these two events, a total lunar eclipse and the opposition of Mars, lined up was in the year 792.

'Opposition' to bring Mars closest to Earth Friday
Hubble snaps stunning near-opposition portraits of Mars and Saturn

This time, ISA has taken a groundbreaking step by discovering liquid water on Mars for the first time in history, probably. To the south of this feature a string of bright clouds is visible: remnants of a disintegrating storm. In addition to a long-distance perspective, Hubble also offers a long-term perspective.

When the full moon moves into the Earth's shade it will darken, but it won't disappear, as the sunlight passes through the Earth's atmosphere it will illuminate the moon and turn it red in the process. Due to this finding, there is a clue that life might also be there. Unlike Earth, Mars' more elliptical orbit has a greater influence on its seasonal changes. The brightest reflections from the base layer - close to the centre of this image - are centred around 193°E/81°S in all intersecting orbits, outlining a well-defined, 20 km wide subsurface anomaly that is interpreted as a pond of liquid water. The latest storm, while large, isn't as massive as the storm that cropped up several years ago.

"There's a meteor shower called the Perseid meteor shower and it's one of the best ones and it happens in mid-August", said Mackay.

"Despite its glorious girth, northern observers will pay a price during this juicy Mars apparition", Sky & Telescope contributing editor Bob King said.

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