Virginia Apgar: Google Doodle celebrates doctor who PIONEERED life-saving treatment

She is best known as the inventor of the 'Apgar score, ' a method to summarise the birth of newborns. She was born on June 7, 1909. The Apgar test is conducted a minute after birth, and again four minutes later, in order to judge the effectiveness of intervention.

Apgar was encouraged to study anesthesiology and became interested in the field of obstetrical anesthesia where she would make her greatest contributions.

The assessment has been called the "birth of clinical neonatology" and credited with not only reducing infant mortality but also changing health care's approach to the birth process to be more effectively focus on mother and child and the effects of delivery on the baby. A higher score in the test means less threat to the baby's survival.

Thursday's Google Doodle appeared for internet users in the United States, as well as Japan, India, Israel, Chile, Argentina, Australia and several European nations.

A score lower than 7 should warn caregivers that the baby needs medical attention.

Google's Doodle today honors a Mount Holyoke College graduate - Dr. Virginia Apgar. She attended Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, and in 1933, she graduated fourth in her class before completing a residency in surgery at P&S in 1937. In her later years, she worked for March of Dimes, a non-profit founded by President Franklin Roosevelt that initially targeted polio but went on to focus on the prevention of birth defects.

Dr. Apgar developed the test after noticing that, even though the general USA infant mortality rate fell between the 1930s and 1950s, it remained constant for babies within the first day of life.

The Apgar score rates key health metrics like heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, reflex response, and color, on a scale from 0-10. An anesthesiologist by training, she climbed the ranks at New York's Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in the 1930s and '40s, when anesthesiology wasn't recognized as a medical specialty.

She received a masters degree in public health at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, graduating in 1959. She wanted to be a surgeon, but was discouraged by the (male) chairman of surgery.

She trained in anesthesia at the University of Wisconsin and Bellevue Hospital in the U.S., but returned to Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in 1938. She breathed her last at the age of 65.

(Copyright © 2015. All Rights Reserved.)
 
Recommended

Wreckage of missing Kenyan plane with 10 on board found
This, according to officials, forced the pilots to take the Kinangop route, which is considered unsafe because of the weather. Preliminary reports also indicated the plane had also carried the owner of a private primary school in Turkana county.

Facebook Reportedly Provided Apple, Samsung Inappropriate Access to User Data
The report says that the company hasn't only been sharing user data with their device makers but also their friends', as well. The details: According to the NYT , Facebook's deals with hardware manufacturers predate the existence of the Facebook app.

Former Cambridge Analytica boss admits receiving Facebook data
Alexander Nix said his now-defunct firm had become the subject of global derision and was unfairly blamed for putting Trump in office.

Macron, Trudeau support 'strong multilateralism' ahead of G7 summit
French President Emmanuel Macron and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau vowed on Thursday to confront U.S. Canada announced its own list last week, and the European Union said it would do so too later in June.

Prince's Estate Announces Release of Piano & A Microphone 1983
Today would have been Prince's 60th birthday, and the late musician's estate is celebrating by announcing a new posthumous album. However, there are also a number of other lesser-known tunes and previously unreleased material.

Nigerian International Linked With Move To Liverpool
He has won 20 caps for Nigeria , scoring four times, but will not be part of the squad for this summer's World Cup due to injury. Super Eagles and KAA Gent winger, Moses Simon , is on the radar of English Premier League club , Liverpool .

Liverpool closing in on Nabil Fekir deal with Lyon
Didier Deschamps' team play the United States in Lyon on Saturday in their final warm-up game before the finals. Liverpool have been heavily linked with Lyon captain Nabil Fekir in recent weeks.

India's Modi calls for crackdown on plastic pollution
The call is coming on the heels of the 2018 World Environment Day slated for June 5, with the theme: " Beat Plastic Pollution ". This global outlook, developed in cooperation with the Indian government, presents case studies from more than 60 countries.

Washington Capitals win first Stanley Cup in franchise history
This is the song the Capitals play after the intro video when they come out onto the ice . The Golden Knights trail the Capitals 3-1, with Game 5 on Thursday in Las Vegas .

Kaala audience reaction: Rajinikanth’s film receives an overwhelming response from the fans
Yesterday, the Karnataka High Court had asked the state to provide security to the theatres screening the film. Nadar moved to Mumbai in 1956 and was a leader for a section of Tamils settled in the slums of Dharavi.

Israel dismantled a cell that was preparing an attack on Netanyahu
Mayor Barkat released a statement praising the Shin Bet and saying the agency kept him updated throughout the process. Israel's high-tech army has not been able to figure out a way stop the primitive kites.

NTSB releases preliminary report on fatal Tesla crash on Autopilot
The Tesla's driver was found belted in his seat and bystanders removed him from the vehicle before it was engulfed in flames. A spokeswoman referred to a company blog saying that a Tesla with Autopilot is far safer than vehicles without it.

Nadal Is Back in the Semis and Will Face Del Potro
Del Potro struck 19 aces and added 31 winners in the victory, while Cilic was undone by 74 unforced errors. The last time Del Potro contended a Grand Slam final, he won it at the 2009 US Open .

Agent 47 Returns in HITMAN 2 Announcement Trailer
To get all the latest on Hitman 2, be sure to follow Hitman on Facebook and Twitter and WB Games on Facebook and Twitter. This is going to be a full game rather than the previous episodic experience, though there'll be post-launch expansions.

Here's The Massive First Setlist From Beyoncé & JAY-Z's New World Tour
Bey and Jay have been stingy with images of their twins to date, making it downright impossible for anyone to identify them. Beyonce just gave the world an updated baby pic of her and Jay-Z's new twins during opening night of the couple's tour.


More News

News
More News